I sold my principal residence this year. What form do I need to file?
If you meet the ownership and use tests, the sale of your home qualifies for exclusion of $250,000 gain ($500,000 if married filing a joint return). This exclusion applies if during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you:
- Owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and
- Lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test).
If you owned and lived in the property as your main home for less than 2 years, you may still be able to claim an exclusion in some cases. The maximum amount you can exclude will be reduced. If you are required to report a gain, it is reported on federal
Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets, and
Capital Gains and Losses, and Wisconsin
Capital Gains and Losses.
If I take the exclusion of capital gain on the sale of my old home this year, can I also take the exclusion again if I sell my new home in the future?
With the exception of the 2-year waiting period, there is no limit on the number of times you can exclude the gain on the sale of your main home as long as you meet the ownership and use tests.
I lived in a home as my principal residence for the first 2 of the last 5 years. For the last 3 years, the home was a rental property until I sold it. Can I still exclude the capital gain and, if so, how should I treat the depreciation I took while it was rented?
You may be able to exclude up to $250,000 of the gain ($500,000 on a joint return in most cases). However, you cannot exclude the portion of the gain equal to depreciation allowed or allowable for periods after May 6, 1997. For more information refer to federal
Selling Your Home.
Is the loss on the sale of your home deductible?
The loss on the sale of a personal residence is a nondeductible personal loss.
I have a home office. Can I deduct expenses like mortgage, utilities, etc., but not deduct depreciation so that when I sell this house, the basis won't be affected?
If you have qualified business use of your home and enough gross income from that business use to entitle you to a depreciation deduction, you are required to reduce your basis in the home by the amount of depreciation allowed (deducted) or allowable (could have been deducted).
Whether you choose to deduct the depreciation on your current return(s) will not matter. For tax purposes, you will still be treated as if you had taken the allowable deduction, and your basis will have to be reduced. For more information, refer to federal
How to Depreciate Property,
Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets, and
Business Use of Your Home.
Note: For taxpayers using the federal safe harbor method for claiming expenses for business use of a home, the depreciation deduction allowable for the portion of the home for that taxable year is deemed to be zero.
Can we move into our rental property, live there as our main home for two years, and sell it without having to pay tax on the capital gain?
You may be able to exclude your gain from the sale of your main home that you have also used for business or to produce rental income if you meet the ownership and use tests, detailed in federal Publication 523.
However, if you were entitled to take depreciation deductions because you used your home for business purposes or as rental property, you cannot exclude the part of your gain equal to any depreciation allowed or allowable as a deduction for periods after May 6, 1997.
Note: If you can show by adequate records or other evidence that the depreciation deduction allowed (did deduct) was less than the amount allowable (could have deducted), the amount you cannot exclude is the smaller of those two figures.
The gain, exclusion, and depreciation recapture should be reported on federal Form 8949, federal Schedule D, and Wisconsin Schedule WD. Under certain circumstances, the sale must be reported on federal
Sales of Business Property.
For additional information on selling your home, refer to federal Publication 523.
FOR QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS CONTACT:
WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE
Customer Service Bureau
PO Box 8949
Madison, WI 53708-8949
Phone: (608) 266-2486
Fax: (608) 267-1030
Email additional questions to